What's In A Name?
Edwin Allen Comprehensive High School (Clarendon, Jamaica)
Edwin Allen was the former Minister of Education and Member of Parliament for the North Western Constituency of Clarendon in Jamaica.
William Allen High School (Allentown, Pa.)
William Allen — a former mayor of Philadelphia — founded the city of Allentown, Pa., in 1762.
Benjamin Banneker High School (Washington, D.C.)
Benjamin Banneker — originally Banna Ka — was an African-American mathematician, astronomer, clockmaker, and publisher in Washington, D.C.
Clara Barton High School (Brooklyn, N.Y.)
Clara Barton — a pioneer American teacher, nurse, and humanitarian — was best known for establishing the American Red Cross.
John Bartram High School (Philadelphia, Pa.)
John Bartram was said to be the greatest natural botanist as well as the father of American Botany. Bartram also co-founded the American Philosophical Society with Ben Franklin in 1742.
Murry Bergtraum High School (New York, N.Y.)
Murry Bergtraum was once the president of the New York City Board of Education. His wife — Edith Katz Bergtraum — was also a long-time member of the school board.
Daniel Boone High School (Birdsboro, Pa.)
Daniel Boone was an American pioneer and hunter whose frontier exploits made him one of the first folk heroes of the United States. Daniel Boone was a man. Yes, a big man. They love him throughout Kentucky… and Birdsboro, Pa.
Mariana Bracetti Academy (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Mariana Bracetti — a patriotic firm believer in the independence of Puerto Rico — was always willing to fight for her ideals. She was a believer in women’s rights and showed it by her participation in Puerto Rico’s first revolution.
Evander Childs High School (Bronx, N.Y.)
Evander Childs was an educator, considered one of the best school principals in New York City history.
Winston Churchill School (Potomac, Md.)
Sir Winston Churchill High School (St. Catherines, Ont.)
Winston Churchill — the greatest Briton ever according to a 2002 BBC poll — was among the most important leaders in world history. Also a prolific author, he won the 1953 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Abraham Clark High School (Roselle, N.J.)
Abraham Clark — a politician and Revolutionary War figure — was delegate for New Jersey to the Continental Congress where he signed the Declaration of Independence and later served in the U.S. House of Representatives.
W.T. Clarke High School (Westbury, N.Y.)
W. Tresper Clarke was a former president of the East Meadow School Board.
Wilbur Cross High School (New Haven, Conn.)
Wilbur Lucius Cross — an American educator and political figure — was a well-known literary critic and the Democratic Governor of Connecticut from 1931 to 1939. He is also famous for his parkway that allows one to bypass New Haven traffic on the way to Hartford from New York.
Frederick Douglass High School (Upper Marlboro, Md.)
Frederick Douglass — perhaps the most prominent figure in African American history during the 1800s — was an abolitionist, editor, orator, author, statesman and reformer. He spent his life advocating the brotherhood of all humankind.
Thomas Edison High School (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Thomas Edison developed many devices which greatly influenced life around the world, including the light bulb. There are more than 1,000 patents in his name.
Dwight Eisenhower High School (Russell, Pa.)
Dwight D. Eisenhower was an American soldier and politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953-1961). During World War II, he served as Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe, with responsibility for planning and supervising the successful invasion of France and Germany in 1944-45.
Jean Eudes High School (Montreal, Que.)
Jean Eudes was a French missionary and founder of the Eudists and of the Congregation of Our Lady of Charity in the 17th century.
Medgar Evers College (Brooklyn, N.Y.)
Medgar Evers High Schools (Brooklyn, N.Y.)
Medgar Evers was an African American civil rights activist from Mississippi, who was assassinated in his driveway in 1963. He has been immortalized in Jackson, Miss., with a statue.
G.C. Foster College of Physical Education & Sport (St. Catherine, Jamaica)
Gerald Claude Eugene Foster was an outstanding Jamaican of sporting, teaching and coaching background.
Benjamin Franklin High School (Rochester, N.Y.)
Benjamin Franklin Boys & Girls (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Benjamin Franklin — one of the best-known founding fathers of the U.S. — was a leading author, political theorist, politician, printer, scientist, inventor, civic activist, and diplomat. He founded the home of the Relays — the University of Pennsylvania — in 1740 (or later, depending on who you ask!).
Elwood/John H. Glenn High School (East Northport, N.Y.)
John Herschel Glenn Jr. is an American astronaut, Marine Corps fighter pilot, ordained Presbyterian elder, corporate executive, and politician. He was the third American to fly in space and the first to orbit the Earth aboard Friendship 7.
William E. Grady Technical High School (Brooklyn, N.Y.)
William E. Grady was the associate superintendent of New York City schools during the 1930s.
Simon Gratz High School (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Simon Gratz was a noted Philadelphia civic leader, legislator, educator and philanthropist.
John W. Hallahan Catholic High School (Philadelphia, Pa.)
John W. Hallahan was the brother of Mary McMichan, who was a leader in founding Catholic schools for girls in Philadelphia. One of her wishes was that the school bear her brother’s name upon her passing.
Alexander Hamilton High School (Elmsford, N.Y.)
Alexander Hamilton — an Army officer, lawyer, founding father, American politician, leading statesman, financier and political theorist — was a leader in calling the U.S. Constitutional Convention in 1787 and later lost a famed duel to Aaron Burr.
Townsend Harris High School (Flushing, N.Y.)
Townsend Harris — a successful New York City merchant and minor politician — was the first United States Consul General to Japan. He negotiated the “Harris Treaty” between the U.S. and Japan and is credited as the diplomat who first opened the Japanese Empire to foreign trade and culture.
Jack Hayward High School (Freeport, Bahamas)
Sir Jack Hayward — an English property developer and philanthropist — arrived in Grand Bahama in 1956 and became a Vice President of The Grand Bahama Port Authority.
Milton Hershey High School (Hershey, Pa.)
Milton Hershey — both a businessman and philanthropist — founded The Hershey Chocolate Company and the “company town” of Hershey, Pa., where Wilt Chamberlain once scored 100 points in an NBA game.
Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore, Md.)
Johns Hopkins — a wealthy entrepreneur of 19th century Baltimore — was most noted for his philanthropic creation of Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Hospital. His nickname was “Johnsie.”
John Jay High School (Hopewell Junction, N.Y.)
John Jay High School (Cross River, N.Y.)
John Jay — an American politician, statesman, revolutionary, diplomat, and jurist — was considered one of the “founding fathers” of the United States who served in the Continental Congress and was elected President of that body in 1778.
Thomas Jefferson High School (Alexandria, Va.)
Thomas Jefferson High School (Brooklyn, N.Y.)
Thomas Jefferson — the third President of the United States — was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States.
Governor Thomas Johnson High School (Frederick, Md.)
Thomas Johnson was a Maryland lawyer who led a prominent fight against the Stamp Act, before becoming the state’s governor.
Walter Johnson High School (Bethesda, Md.)
Walter Perry Johnson — “The Big Train” — was an American right-handed pitcher in the majors between 1907 and 1927. He threw 110 career shutouts more than anyone, living or deceased.
John F. Kennedy High School (Bronx, N.Y.)
John F. Kennedy High School (Paterson, N.J.)
John F. Kennedy Memorial High School (Iselin, N.J.)
John F. Kennedy High School (Cheektowaga, N.Y.)
John F. Kennedy High School (Silver Spring, Md.)
John Fitzgerald Kennedy — the 35th President of the United States — served from 1961 until his assassination in 1963. Major events during his presidency include the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the building of the Berlin Wall, the Space Race, the American Civil Rights Movement and early events of the Vietnam War.
Roy C. Ketcham High School (Wappingers Falls, N.Y.)
Roy C. Ketcham, a former president of the board of education in Wappingers Falls, N.Y., was among the most influential “movers and shakers” in Dutchess County.
Abraham Lincoln High School (Brooklyn, N.Y.)
Abraham Lincoln High School (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Abraham Lincoln — the 16th President of the United States — as an outspoken opponent of the expansion of slavery and a political leader in the western states, won the Republican Party nomination in 1860 and was elected president later that year.
Martin Luther King High School (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Martin Luther King, Jr. — one of the main leaders of the American civil rights movement, a political activist, a Baptist minister, and one of America’s greatest orators — became the youngest man to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (for his work as a peacemaker, promoting nonviolence and equal treatment for different races).
William Knibb Memorial High School (Falmouth, Jamaica)
William Knibb was granted Jamaica’s highest civil honor, the Order of Merit, in 1988, the 150th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in the British Empire. Knibb became just the second non-Jamaican so honored.
Fiorello H. LaGuardia Arts High School (New York, N.Y.)
Fiorello Henry LaGuardia — the Republican Mayor of New York for three terms from 1934 to 1945 — was popularly known as “the Little Flower,” the translation of his Italian first name, Fiorello, also perhaps a reference to his short stature.
Herbert H. Lehman High School (Bronx, N.Y.)
Herbert Henry Lehman — a Democratic Party politician from the state of New York — served as the Governor of New York from 1933 until 1942 and represented New York in the United States Senate from 1949 until 1957.
Martin Luther High School (Maspeth, N.Y.)
Martin Luther — a German monk, priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer — inspired the Reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines and culture of the Lutheran and Protestant traditions, as well as the course of Western civilization, through his teachings.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur High School (Levittown, N.Y.)
Douglas MacArthur — an American general who played a prominent role in the Pacific theater of World War II — was poised to command the invasion of Japan in November 1945 but was instead instructed to accept their surrender on Sept. 2, 1945.
James Madison University (Harrisonburg, Va.)
James Madison High School (Brooklyn, N.Y.)
James Madison — an American politician and fourth President of the United States of America — was one of the most influential Founding Fathers of the United States. Considered to be the “Father of the Constitution,” Madison played a bigger role in designing the 1787 document than anyone else.
Horace Mann School (Bronx, N.Y.)
Horace Mann was an American education reformer and abolitionist as well as brother-in-law to author Nathaniel Hawthorne.
George C. Marshall High School (Falls Church, Va.)
George Catlett Marshall, Jr., was an American military leader, Secretary of State, and the third Secretary of Defense. He was once dubbed the “organizer of victory” by Winston Churchill for his leadership of the Allied victory in World War II.
George Mason University (Fairfax, Va.)
George Mason — a United States patriot, statesman, and delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Constitutional Convention — is called the “Father of the Bill of Rights.”
Jules E. Mastbaum Area VoTech (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Jules E. Mastbaum was the owner of a movie theater chain and a local philanthropist.
J.P. McCaskey High School (Lancaster, Pa.)
John Piersol McCaskey was an educator, composer, and mayor of Lancaster from 1906 to 1910.
Thomas McKean High School (Wilmington, Del.)
Thomas McKean — an American lawyer and politician from New Castle, Del. — was an officer of the Continental Army during the American Revolution, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, a Continental Congressman from Delaware, and the second President of the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation.
Richard Montgomery High School (Rockville, Md.)
Richard Montgomery was an Irish-American soldier who served as a major general in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War.
Herbert Morrison Technical School (Montego Bay, Jamaica)
Herbert Morrison was a doctor and a philanthropist.
Dwight Morrow High School (Englewood, N.J.)
Dwight Whitney Morrow was an American businessman, politician, and diplomat, who as a senior at Amherst College was the only one to vote for Calvin Coolidge for the title of “Most Likely to Succeed.”
Christopher Newport University (Newport News, Va,)
Christopher Newport — a British sailor — is best known as the captain of the Susan Constant, the largest of three ships which carried settlers for the Virginia Company in 1607.
I.C. Norcom High School (Portsmouth, Va.)
Israel Charles Norcom was the first supervising principal of the school.
Sandra Day O’Connor High School (Glendale, Ariz.)
Sandra Day O’Connor is an American jurist who served as the first female Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1981 to 2006.
William Penn High School (New Castle, Del.)
William Penn High School (York, Pa.)
William Penn Charter High School (Philadelphia, Pa.)
William Penn founded the Province of Pennsylvania — the English North American colony that became the state of Pennsylvania.
C.W. Post College (Brookville, N.Y.)
Charles William Post was an American breakfast cereal and foods manufacturer and a pioneer in the prepared-food industry.
A. Philip Randolph High School (New York, N.Y.)
A. Phillip Randolph — an African-American civil rights leader — was founder of the first black labor union in the United States.
R.J. Reynolds High School (Winston-Salem, N.C.)
Richard Joshua Reynolds was an American businessman and founder of the R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company.
Oral Roberts University (Tulsa, Okla.)
Granville Oral Roberts — an American neo-Pentecostal televangelist — is also a leader in the charismatic movement and a former faith healer.
Owen J. Roberts High School (Pottstown, Pa.)
Owen J. Roberts was a lawyer who had deep connections to the University of Pennsylvania. He graduated from Penn in 1895, the first year of the Relays, earned a law degree from Penn and later became an instructor and dean.
Paul Robeson High School (Brooklyn, N.Y.)
Paul Robeson High School for Human Service (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Paul LeRoy Bustill Robeson was a multi-lingual American actor, athlete, bass-baritone concert singer, writer, civil rights activist, Spingarn Medal winner and Lenin Peace Prize laureate.
Eleanor Roosevelt High School (Greenbelt, Md.)
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was an American political leader who used her stature as First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945 to promote her husband’s (Franklin D. Roosevelt’s) New Deal, as well as civil rights.
Bayard Rustin High School (West Chester, Pa.)
Bayard Rustin was an African-American civil rights activist, the principal organizer of the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Rustin is one of two men who both ran at the Penn Relays and had a school named in his honor run at the Relays.
Arthur P. Schalick High School (Pittsgrove, N.J.)
Arthur P. Schalick served the Pittsgrove area for more than six decades and supervised the financial plan to build the high school that bears his name.
Elizabeth Seton High School (Bladensburg, Md.)
St. Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton — the first United States citizen to be canonized — helped found the Society for the Relief of Poor Widows with Small Children, New York City’s first private charity organization.
Malcolm X Shabazz High School (Newark, N.J.)
Malcolm X, also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, was a Black Muslim Minister and National Spokesman for the Nation of Islam.
Henry Snyder High School (Jersey City, N.J.)
Henry Snyder — a school principal by age 21 — later served as the Jersey City Superintendent of Schools from 1893 to 1923.
Thaddeus Stevens State University (Lancaster, Pa.)
Thaddeus Stevens — a member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania — was a powerful leader of the Radical Republicans during the American Civil War and Reconstruction.
Richard Stockton State College (Pomona, N.J.)
Richard Stockton was an American lawyer, jurist, legislator, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence.
Thomas Stone High School (Waldorf, Md.)
Thomas Stone was an American planter who signed United States Declaration of Independence as a delegate for Maryland.
William Tennent High School (Warminster, Pa.)
William Tennent was an early American religious leader and educator in British North America.
Samuel J. Tilden High School (Brooklyn, N.Y.)
Samuel Jones Tilden was the Democratic candidate for the U.S. presidency in the disputed election of 1876, the most controversial American election of the 19th century.
Harry S Truman High School (Bronx, N.Y.)
Harry S Truman High School (Levittown, Pa.)
Harry S. Truman — the thirty-third President of the United States — succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
J.R. Tucker High School (Richmond, Va.)
John Randolph Tucker was president of both the Virginia Bar Association and the Richmond City Bar Association.
Booker T. Washington High School (Norfolk, Va.)
Booker Taliaferro Washington was an American educator, author and leader of the African American community.
George Washington High School (Philadelphia, Pa.)
George Washington — who led America’s Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War — was elected the first President of the United States of America.
University of Mary Washington (Fredericksburg, Va.)
Mary Ball Washington Sangford was the mother of George Washington.
Conrad Weiser High School (Robesonia, Pa.)
Conrad Weiser served as a diplomat, judge, community planner and soldier as well as Pennsylvania’s foremost Indian treaty maker.
T.C. Williams High School (Alexandria, Va.)
T.C. Williams was a superintendent of Alexandria schools from the mid-1930s until the mid-1960s.
Woodrow Wilson High School (Camden, N.J.)
Woodrow Wilson High School (Washington, D.C.)
Thomas Woodrow Wilson — the 28th President of the United States — was a leading intellectual of the Progressive Era, who served as president of Princeton University.
George Wingate High School (Brooklyn, N.Y.)
George Wingate, by 1935 a retired major general, was a civic leader in Brooklyn who originated the Brooklyn Loyalty Day Parade to arouse the people of Brooklyn to the dangers of communism.
Walt Whitman High School (Bethesda, Md.)
Walt Whitman was an American poet, essayist, journalist, and humanist. Proclaimed the “greatest of all American poets” by many foreign observers, Whitman also has a Philadelphia bridge, which can be seen from the top of Franklin Field, named in his honor.
Howard D. Woodson High School (Washington, D.C.)
Howard D. Woodson — a graduate of University of Pittsburgh — moved to Washington, D.C., in 1907 and began working as a structural engineer in the supervising architect’s office for the Public Buildings Administration.
W.T. Woodson High School (Fairfax, Va.)
Wilbert Tucker Woodson was the superintendent of Fairfax County Public Schools from 1929 to 1961.
By Brett Hoover. May not be reprinted without permission.