Major Patrick Ferguson was appointed Inspector of Militia on May 22, 1780. Ferguson had his militia line the the brow of the northern ridge while waiting for the Patriots. The park headquarters is in Blacksburg, South Carolina, and hosts hundreds of thousands of people each year. His task was to march to the old Tryon County area, raise and organize Loyalist units from the Tory population of the Carolina Backcountry, and protect the left flank of Lord Cornwallis' main body at Charlotte, North Carolina. "[31] Two parties, led by Colonels John Sevier and William Campbell, assaulted the mountain's "heel"—the smallest in area, but its highest point. The Loyalists were driven back into their camp, where they began to surrender. See more ideas about kings mountain, history, battle of kings mountain. With Ferguson dead and his Loyalist militia destroyed, Cornwallis was forced to abandon his plan to invade North Carolina and retreated into South Carolina. Kings Mountain City in North Carolina. Donate Now . Shelby and his Overmountain Men crossed back over the Appalachian Mountains and retreated back into the territory of the Watauga Association at Sycamore Shoals in present day Elizabethton, Tennessee, and by the next month on September 25, 1780, Colonels Shelby, John Sevier, and Charles McDowell and their 600 Overmountain Men had combined forces with Col. William Campbell and his 400 Virginia men at the Sycamore Shoals muster in advance of the October 7, 1780, Battle of Kings Mountain north of present day Blacksburg, South Carolina in North Carolina. Many of the early maps show "King Mountain" north of the boundary line, with none of the mountain symbols extending into South Carolina. In: Lyman Copeland Draper, King's Mountain and its heroes: history of the Battle of Kings Mountain October 7, 1780, and the events which led to it. Then take the paved trail that leads through the battlefield itself. In what is now rural Cherokee County, South Carolina, the Patriot militia defeated the Loyalist militia commanded by British Major Patrick Ferguson of the 71st Foot. On September 2, Ferguson and the militia he had already recruited marched west towards the Appalachian Mountain hill country on what is now the Tennessee/North Carolina border.By September 10, he had est… His task was to march to the old Tryon County area, raise and organize Loyalist units from the Tory population of the Carolina backcountry, and protect the left flank of Lord Cornwallis' main body at Charlotte, North Carolina. Kings Mountain is located at 35°14′39″N 81°20′33″W / 35.24417°N 81.3425°W / 35.24417; -81.3425 (35.244105, -81.342544). By September 30, they had reached Quaker Meadows, the Burke County, North Carolina home of the McDowell brothers, where they united with Benjamin Cleveland and 350 men. Ferguson shot and killed the man with his pistol in a final act of defiance, but was immediately shot dead by multiple Patriots on the spot. He was the only regular British soldier in the command,[32] composed entirely of Loyalist Carolina militia, except for the 100 or so red-uniformed Provincials (enlisted colonials)[33] By sunrise of the 7th, they forded the Broad River, fifteen miles from Kings Mountain. Kings Mountain National Military Park, Blacksburg Picture: battle map - Check out Tripadvisor members' 376 candid photos and videos of Kings Mountain National Military Park A summary of the Battle of Kings Mountain on October 7, 1780. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! His brother Benjamin was a Patriot and was being held as a prisoner-of-war on a British ship docked at Charleston, S.C. Their cousin John Moore was the Loyalist commander at the earlier Battle of Ramsour's Mill (modern Lincolnton, N.C.), in which many of the combatants at Kings Mountain had participated on one side or the other. Kings Mountain National Military Park is a National Military Park near Blacksburg, South Carolina, along the North Carolina/South Carolina border. A significant number of the surrendering Loyalists were killed or wounded including the white flag emissary. Furthermore, the downhill angle of the hill contributed to the Loyalists overshooting their marks. At the climax of the battle, Ferguson was shot to death while trying to leave a charge. On October 7, 1780, a small but significant battle took place on a rocky hilltop in western South Carolina known as Kings Mountain. Ferguson was unaware that the Patriots had caught up to him and his 1,100 men. Descendants of the Battle of Kings Mountain. Major Ferguson was appointed Inspector of Militia on May 22, 1780. [6] The Patriots anticipated surprising a garrison of about an equal number of Loyalists, but a local farmer informed them that the Tories had recently been reinforced by about a hundred Loyalist militia and two hundred provincial regulars on their way to join British Major Patrick Ferguson. [8] The Patriots lost only about four dead and twelve wounded. On October 1, Ferguson reached North Carolina's Broad River, where he issued another pugnacious public letter, calling the local militia to join him lest they be "pissed upon by a set of mongrels" (the Overmountain Men).[23]. In The Winning of the West, Theodore Roosevelt wrote of Kings Mountain, "This brilliant victory marked the turning point of the American Revolution." Although victorious, the Patriots had to retreat quickly from the area for fear of Cornwallis' advance. [35], No one in the Patriot army held command once the fighting started. At 3:30 P.M., Ferguson was starting to confront the Left Division. Routes to the Battle of Kings Mountain, 1780. Campbell lost just 90. This Site All NPS [36] During one of the charges, Colonel Williams was killed, and Colonel McDowell was wounded. The battle took place on October 7, 1780, 9 miles (14 km) south of the present-day town of Kings Mountain, North Carolina. [citation needed], On September 2, Ferguson and the militia he had already recruited marched west in pursuit of Shelby toward the Appalachian Mountain hill country on what is now the Tennessee/North Carolina border. "[39] He gathered a few officers together and tried to cut through the Patriot ring, but Sevier's men fired a volley and Ferguson was shot and dragged by his horse behind the Patriot line. His edict had the opposite effect. On October 8, Campbell’s American Patriots attacked Ferguson’s American Loyalists, fighting from tree to tree. The Battle of Kings Mountain on October 7, 1780, was a decisive Patriot victory and a turning point of the war in the South during the American Revolution. [36] The Patriots crept up the hill and fired from behind rocks and trees. [citation needed] Passing through the Sunshine community in what is now Rutherford County, N.C., the retreat halted on the property of the Biggerstaff family. [22], Meanwhile, two deserters from the Patriot militia reached Patrick Ferguson and informed him of the large body of militia advancing towards him. Ferguson challenged rebel militias to lay down their arms or suffer the consequences. Brother John Cathey came from Ireland to claim his land when William died. The victory achieved by brave fighting patriot frontiersmen, known as the Overmountain Men, [37], After an hour of combat,[38] Loyalist casualties were heavy. Waiting three days for reasons that are still unclear, Ferguson ordered a retreat to Lord Cornwallis and the British main forces in Charlotte, sending a message to Cornwallis requesting reinforcements. Hannah Cathey […] The Battle of King’s Mountain was a unique battle in the American Revolution. Kings Mountain was a pivotal moment in the history of the American Revolution. The surprising victory of the American patriot militia over the Loyalists came after a string of rebel defeats at the hands of Lord Cornwallis, and greatly raised the Patriots' morale. Winston and Major Chronicle formed their men and assaulted from the northeast while another group attacked along the northern slope. Present-day place names and state boundaries are provided for reference. Start your visit at Kings Mountain by viewing the interpretive exhibits in the visitor center, which give more details about the battle described above. Shelby, Sevier and Campbell reached the top of the hill behind the Loyalist position and attacked Ferguson's rear. Nine of the prisoners were hanged before Isaac Shelby brought an end to the proceedings. Find the perfect battle of kings mountain stock photo. Descendants of the Battle of Kings Mountain. [45], The Battle of Kings Mountain lasted 65 minutes. Buy battle of kings mountain framed prints from our community of independent artists and iconic brands. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. Daenerys, Tyrion, and Grey Worm parleyed with Cersei outside the gates of King's Landing, but Cersei ultimately refused to surrend… A distinguishing characteristic of this battle is that it was fought entirely by irregular, Loyalist and Patriot militia … Your contribution today helps us make a difference. Thomas Jefferson called it, "The turn of the tide of success." 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