Therefore, the saints should put their trust in God who judges and not fear their persecutors. Romans 3:8). he proves by contrasting “but may live in spirit” rather than “be saved” or “justified.” (3) It is next to be considered what date we are to fix for this judgment of the flesh. The judgment is “according to men” and they will live “according to God.” The final judgment is not in view in v.6. .— , to dead men generally, but probably as distinct from the rebel spirits who were presumably immortal and could only be imprisoned. King James Version (KJV) The direct object or design of preaching the gospel to them was not that they might be condemned and put to death by man, but this was indeed or in fact one of the results in the way to a higher object. (See 1 Peter 2:12, where “having” is nominative, though in strictness it should be accusative, agreeing with “you, as strangers and pilgrims;” comp. It is a fairly easy verse to understand like I said above. What is the difference between the “dead” of verse five and verse six? note. As well, the verb in “the gospel was preached” (euēngelisthē) is in the passive mood, thus the gospel preached does not refer to the preaching done by Christ but to the preaching of Christ. As regards the living, there is a brotherhood in the world witnessing for Christ in their lives and the missionaries have done their part. The simple message of 1 Peter 4:6 is that the Good News was preached to some people when they were alive but by the time Peter wrote they were dead. This brings us to consider what is meant by their being “judged in flesh” (i.e., as in 1 Peter 4:1, so far as flesh is concerned). Bibliotheca Sacra152:606 (April-June1995):131-44.]. This interpretation clearly contradicts the revelation of Scripture elsewhere that there is no second chance after death ( Hebrews 9:27). Chris, if there is an unclear passage before us then we chose two rules of interpretation that clarifies the problem passage: 1) what does the majority of texts speak the the issue in the problem passage and 2) what do the clearer passage speak to the problem. Scripture: 1 Peter 4:6. Would you like to come alive, spiritually? 1 Peter: Trials, Holy Living & The Lord's Coming Click chart to enlarge Chart from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission Another Chart from Charles Swindoll - click chart on right side. The particle men, marking the contrast, is ignored in the Authorized Version and Revised Version. Then the rendering would be, “That they might be condemned in the flesh by men, but live as to God through the Spirit.” There are two previous instances of the word spirit, when denoting the Holy Spirit, being without the article, that is, in 1 Peter 1:2. this (end). It will be noted in fact that these ‘dead’ are following in the footsteps of Christ Himself. We agree with Alford that dead, here, is, as in 1 Peter 4:5, the physically dead, and not, as Wordsworth, the “dead in sins;” but he is in error in holding its equal comprehension in both verses. What, then, could be the hope of a Christian, one who had heard and embraced the gospel in this life, and had then surrendered himself to the same corruptions as the Gentiles? Gospel preached also to ... dead - as well as to them now living, and to them that shall be found alive at the Judge's coming. No one with an un-preoccupied mind could doubt, taking this clause by itself, that the persons to whom this preaching was made were dead at the time of being preached to. One view of these passages has been that this verse means that the gospel was preached to people after they died, giving them a “second chance” to repent and believe the gospel. The Greek is simply, For for this end was the gospel preached to the dead also, or, still more literally, to dead men also. “This reason” means unto this end. 1 Peter 4:8-11. Interactive Bible study with John Piper. It is important to note that in 3:19 the “spirits” are not human beings. This is parallel to 1 Peter 3:19 : cf. If we are judged and put to death, we will live again with Him. There St. Paul judges to deliver to Satan (is he the warder of the “prison” where such spirits are confined?) We then set for it limits much too narrow, if we confine it to the present life. Thus some have now physically died, whereas others are ‘dead in Christ’ (1 Peter 4:1). 1. Moreover, it could hardly encourage Peter’s persecuted readers to persevere as Christians in the hard path of obedience if the easy road to debauchery could all be renounced and forgiven after they died.’ (Grudem p. 172) In addition, many other passages would contradict such a concept (Luke 16:26; Hebrews 9:26-28; Matthew 25:10-13). This could not possibly have anything to do with 3:19-20. The Bible says that the gospel was “preached to the dead” (1 Peter 4:6). Fanning, p448.]. So the main point of Peter saying that is to boost the moral of suffering believers seeing the brothers and sisters dying for the beliefs ; yes, they may be judged by men and put to dead in their bodies but for God they are living in his spiritual realm because God is not the God of the dead but of the living, like Jesus said. STREAM ... Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding. He then exhorts his readers—some of whom had, for one reason or another, been allowing themselves to fall into antinomian ways—not to live any longer to the flesh, not to make true the slanders of the heathen, who tried to make out that the Christians were as bad livers as themselves; for such evil-doers were doomed to speedy suffering; those heathens would soon be called to account by Him who was ready to judge quick and dead alike; “for,” he adds, “the object of that preaching to the dead also was that they may be judged according to men in flesh, but may live according to God in spirit.” (1) The first question is, What does the Apostle mean to substantiate by this last verse, “for for this cause?” Not the fact that Christ will judge the dead as well as the quick, for that would have no practical bearing upon the readers. Though Christ, then, may not appear a deliverer in this life, yet his redemption is not void, or without effect; for his power extends to the dead. Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible. We ‘follow in His steps’ (1 Peter 2:21). It overlooks the circumstance that the act of being ‘judged according to men’ is represented as subsequent to the preaching. That verse also proclaims that Christ is God Himself. It seems an objection, that the gospel had been preached to them for this end, that they might be condemned to die by wicked men; but this had been expressly stated before, in 1 Peter 2:21 : “For even hereunto, (that is, suffering, mentioned in the former verse) were ye called;” or, “For to this end ye have been called.” Then Christ in his suffering is mentioned as one whom they ought to follow. 3) Accomplish the Will of God (1 Peter 4:7-11) Epimac. I have been reading a lot about the Mormon doctrine of ‘baptism for the dead’ and was looking for various explanations for the verses they cite to espouse their teaching. Are We Living in the Last Days? Was it previous to Christ’s preaching the gospel to them in hell, or was it to be subsequent? There is no ground for the objection “perhaps the culprits have not heard the Gospel”. 1 Peter 4:6 KJ21 For, for this cause was the Gospel preached also to those who are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit. A second chance rips the heart out of the entire argument of the book. Here you have the visible change wrought in those who in the foregoing verse were represented as having been in the former part of their life very wicked. Why give the Gospel to dead people when they will not have any opportunity of obeying it then? The two first interpret it as signifying the same as dying to sin and living to God, a meaning which the former part of the clause can hardly bear: but the view of Scott is, that the gospel had been preached to those at that time dead, that they might be condemned by carnal men, or in the flesh, as evildoers, but live to God through the Holy Spirit. Some people have incorrectly understood this verse as teaching that after a person dies he or she will have a second chance to believe the gospel. This is a very interesting explanation you gave, Dr. Grant. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] Peter has written that unbelievers, who spend their lives seeking their own pleasure, resent and abuse Christians, who spend their lives seeking God's will even at the cost of their own comfort. The tense in the verb “was preached” is most important (aorist tense [one point], indicative mood [actually happened]). One day they willlive with God in heaven and share God’s *glory. He is not saying that the gospel is in the process of being preached to the dead. Then you launch into a non-sequitur which has no relevance to this passage. Why had the Gospel come to them if they had not lived to see its final fulfilment? And cross reference with Ephesians 4: 8-9 – He ascended but before that descended and “He led the captives away and gave gifts to men.”. Thank you for this helpful explanation of a passage Steve Brown described in a tape I received last week as entirely confusing. Or how should the mention of Christ’s graciousness towards the unrighteous dead incite the righteous living to a persevering separation from heathen impurity? Live according to God—A true, spiritual, and holy life in this world, and a life of glory in heaven, even such a life as he requires and gives to all who obey his gospel. There is a whole set of passages which seems to teach that resurrection—i.e., the permanent restitution of life to the body—is a gift which does not belong to all. The Bible says that the gospel was “preached to the dead” (1 Peter 4:6). [10] Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: [11] Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. It is no objection that the Gospel was not preached to all that shall be found dead at Christ's coming. There may well have been in mind here some who had recently died violently for Christ in the area to which Peter was writing, victims of mob violence, or of the scourges of cruel masters. As regards the living, there is a brotherhood in the world witnessing for Christ in … 1 Peter 4:2 "That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to … But if the grace of Christ once penetrated to the dead, there is no doubt but that we shall partake of it when dead. The first half of 1 Pet 4:6 is fairly straightforward. were apt to disquiet the first converts, kindling as they did with the prospect of Christ’s speedy return,—namely, the perplexity caused by the non-exemption of Christians from death, ‘the wages of sin,’ and the fear that those who died before Christ’s coming should somehow suffer loss. The aorist shows its cessation. We exist to help people live life well through active faith in Jesus Christ. The preaching itself can be understood only as an offer of grace. When a person dies, the spirit does not receive salvation nor condemnation (Ecclesiastes 12:7 KJV The Bible says that those without Christ are dead while still physically living. But, in spite of the twofold use of the term by our Lord Himself in the saying, ‘Let the dead bury their dead’ (Matthew 8:22), it is impossible to give it a different meaning in 1 Peter 4:6 from what it has in 1 Peter 4:5. 1 Peter 4:12. We reject the view of Alford and others that the reference is to a preaching of the gospel to men after death, which is nowhere taught in Scripture, and contradicts its whole tenor. Filter The Archives: Wordpress Meta Data and … There Jesus’ teaching concerning being ‘made alive’ includes receiving new spiritual life (‘eternal life’) in this life (John 5:24-26) with judgment in mind (John 5:27), and receiving everlasting life in the future (John 5:28-29). God"s day is to come. Start Here! For what purpose was the gospel preached? The sense seems, Peter, representing the attitude of the Church in every age expecting Christ at any moment, says, The Judge is ready to judge the quick and dead-the dead, I say, for they, too, in their lifetime, had the Gospel preached to them, that so they may be judged at last as those living now (and those who shall be alive when Christ comes), namely, 'men in the flesh,' and that they may, having escaped condemnation by embracing the Gospel so preached, live unto God in the spirit (though death has passed over their flesh: Luke 20:38), thus being made like Christ in death and in life (note, 1 Peter 3:18). In the United States, the American Dream is often proclaimed as if it were gospel: anyone who works hard and makes good choices can be happy and successful. The expression ‘judged in the flesh as men’, can also be translated, ‘according to the way men are judged’. Epimac, this is a passage that is very difficult to understand. And that will be so for all who follow Him. Verse 5 points to the condemnation of unbelievers while the judgment of verse 6 relates to the death of believers. The main points in dispute, however, are the time, scene, and subjects of this preaching. 1 Peter 4:6. "Peter does not say that the gospel is being preached even to the dead but was preached. The dead of verse five “will give account” (future tense). All would run smoothly, indeed, if we could follow Augustine in taking the ‘dead’ here in the sense of the spiritually dead. It is important to observe that the words was and are do not have the same tense; the one is past and the other is present. That they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.—In order to obtain a clear notion of this hard saying, it will be necessary once more to survey the course of the whole passage. Obeying the gospel doesn’t keep you from dying, and neither does it keep you from dying at the hands of persecutors. Solid Joys. Is there a gospel of the second chance? 1 Peter 4:6 speaks of evangelism for redemption of the soul of men. This is man"s day (1 Corinthians 4:3), when he is judging and condemning. Hence at the time the apostle was writing this epistle he would say they are dead. 1 Peter 4:6-7. Peter deals here with the historical past. ... Interactive Bible study with … To ignorant individuals, this is taken as proof that God doesn’t exist or that Christianity isn’t the “way” to God. Not a few affirm that only dogmatic prepossession can account for the contrary opinion. [I have followed MacKnight on this.]. Does this mean that someone can hear the gospel and repent after death? It is then a remarkable consolation to the godly, that death itself brings no loss to their salvation. God bless !! Not the fact that Christ was now ready for judgment; for although He will certainly not come until the dead as well as the quick are in a position to be judged, yet we should then have expected something more like, “The reason why the dead were preached to was that the judgment might no longer be put off;” instead of which, the whole point, of the verse is the particular destiny in reserve for those dead, which destiny was the intention and result of Christ’s preaching the gospel to them. For for this cause — Or to this end; was the gospel preached — Ever since it was intimated to Adam, in the promise made to him after the fall, that the seed of the woman should bruise the serpent’s head; to them that are dead — Who have died in their several generations, and especially to our forefathers, the descendants of Abraham, and the other patriarchs, by Moses and the prophets; that they might be judged according to men in the flesh — Or, that though they were judged in the flesh according to the manner of men, with rash, unrighteous judgment, were condemned as evil- doers, and some of them put to death, they might live according to God — Agreeably to his word and will; in the spirit — In their soul, renewed after the divine image, as his devoted servants and witnesses in the midst of their persecutors, and so be prepared to live with him in a future world. The verses in this pericope are a strong encouragement to endure suffering. There is no verb “are” in this verse. See my study of 3:18 to the end of the chapter. You did spoke a bit about it. Men are judged based on their response to the gospel (while in the flesh), by both men and God. As regards the dead Christ descended into Hades to preach there and so was followed by His Apostles. (See also App-139. 1, 4, etc.) The dead Christians of verse six had the gospel preached to them while alive on earth (aorist tense; indicative mood). It does justice to the prominence given to this ‘life according to God in the spirit’ as the great aim of the Gospel. He promises, “I will raise him up at the last day” (John 6:54). They who. And in view of the last statement in the verse, ‘may live in the spirit according to the will of God’, the dead applies to those who had previously heard the gospel and obeyed it when alive, but were presently dead. Optional: Complete our How to Study a Book of The Bible lessons with 1 Peter. Just my 2 cents. But in case they chose to be evil-doers, it was certain that they would suffer. There is a twofold purpose found in this verse: 1. that non-Christians will evaluate Christians as people in the flesh, and, 2. that those who accept the gospel will live forever according to God’s norms. The judgment is imminent because all necessary preliminaries have been accomplished. The context makes us feel that St. Peter is not picturing to himself that scene as one of calm forensic investigation, with “opened books” or the like. The rules of interpretation should be as follows. Your point about those who have never heard is answered in Romans 1 and 10. Notice that 1 Peter 4:6 has two interpretations below. Those who try to claim that this passage is simple to understand are simply ignorant of the issues. [7] Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it), IT IS THE SOUL THAT IS SAVED OR CONDEMNED. —A true, spiritual, and holy life in this world, and a life of glory in heaven, even such a life as he requires and gives to all who obey his gospel. We should note in support of this interpretation that ‘the dead’ in 1 Peter 4:6 must surely be seen in the light of ‘the dead’ in 1 Peter 4:5. They heard the gospel while, “Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and, Most assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life. Peter, like Paul (1 Thessalonians 4:15), argues that those found living at Christ's coming shall have no advantage above the dead who shall then be raised, since the latter live unto, or according to,' God, already in His purpose. The gospel was not preached to human beings after their physical death. The preaching was done by human beings, not by Christ. For in, it is universal; in this verse we are told, (literally,), ) to whom the gospel was preached, saying nothing of that part to whom it was not preached. An alternative is to see this as referring to both the living and the dead referred to in 1 Peter 4:5, with a double meaning being given to ‘dead’. The material in this letters bears definite resemblance to his messages in the book of Acts. STREAM DOWNLOAD. John Piper ‘they are judged in the flesh as men’-A couple of ideas can be taken from this statement: 1. 221-222) ‘While they lived they too were subjected to the evil speaking which Peter’s readers were then suffering; and they, although judged and condemned by ‘men in the flesh’ because of their faithfulness and fidelity to the cause lived according to God in the spirit…’(Woods p. 110). Taking the former line, we should be able to paraphrase, “His object was, that though in flesh they had been judged, having been judicially destroyed by the Flood, they yet might live hereafter in spirit.” But, besides other difficulties, it is far more than doubtful whether it is Greek to infuse a past sense into the subjunctive mood here used: i.e., to render this, “it was preached in order that they might have been judged.” Had we the words by themselves, and no preconceived theology to hinder us, we should undoubtedly translate, “To this end was the gospel preached to dead men too: viz., in order that they may be judged indeed according to men so far as they are flesh, but may live according to God so far as they are spirit.” The judgment spoken of would not be their death beneath the waves of Noe, but something still future; and this view would be confirmed by reading what St. Peter says of them, and of the angels who (in all probability) sinned with them, in the passages of the Second Epistle above referred to. 1. Thanks for the forum here. We think, moreover, that judged, in both verses, must refer to the same judge and the same judgment-day. (6) For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead.—This version is misleading, and seems indeed to be one of those rare cases where the original has been expanded by the translators for doctrinal ends. Please help me. 1 Peter 3:18). It is expressed by the well-known verb which always means to ‘bring good news,’ to ‘publish the Gospel,’ etc. [Note: E.g, Barclay, p295.] Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Peter 4 and more! Death is the judgment or sentence passed on all men (Sirach 14:17 = Genesis 2:17; Genesis 3:19). He shows the same conception of the Judgment, and illustrates it by Noe’s Flood, in 2 Peter 2:5-9; 2 Peter 3:6-7. In chapter 3:19 Peter speaks of a different thing: Jesus going back to proclaim victory before rebellious spirits that rebelled before the flood (Genesis 6:1-2). What encouragement to patient endurance of heathen slander should Christians find in the information that their heathen persecutors are assured of a new period of favour in the other world? Don’t … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Peter 4:12-19" Thanks for the commentary! “To encourage you to suffer death for Christ, know that is why the Good News was preached also to the Gentiles dead in sin (Ephesians 2:1), to make them know Christ; to those who had been judged and condemned to death in their physical existence as all men are judged (Romans 3:9); it was preached to them so that by the power of God, in their spiritual existence (as Christ now lives) they may live as God lives.” This applies to both right now, and to eternity. “For this reason the gospel was preached also to those who are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.”. The reason why the Gospel had been preached (before they died) to those who were dead was precisely so that while as human beings it might have been their destiny to be called to account in order to be judged by men, a judgment which might even have ended in martyrdom, they would then like Jesus go on into the afterlife and live according to God in the spirit, being with Him Who had been made alive in spirit, as ‘the spirits of just men made perfect’ (Hebrews 12:23). “And you had better,” he says, “suffer in well-doing than in evil-doing.” He then gives an instance of persons who suffered in evil-doing—the fleshly Antediluvians, whom God cut short in their crimes by the Flood, and to whom Christ went to preach in their prison-house.
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