After the battle of Poltava, in 1709 Metropolitan Ioasaf was exiled to Tver and in 1710 a church censorship was introduced to the Kyiv metropolia. In May 1918, the Metropolitan of Kyiv and Galich Antony Khrapovitsky was appointed to the Kyiv eparchy, a former candidate to become the Patriarch of Moscow at the Russian Local Council of 1917 and losing it to the Patriarch Tikhon. In 1620, the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople Cyril Lucaris reestablished Orthodox dioceses for the Orthodox population of what was then the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth — under the Metropolitan of Kyiv, Galicia, and all Russia Job Boretsky as the Patriarchal Exarch. Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Kirill has called upon believers to stay home this Easter. In 1730, Archbishop Varlaam with all members of the Kyiv Spiritual Consistory were put on trial by the Privy Chancellery. Politically, many in Ukraine see the UOC-MP as merely a puppet of the ROC and consequently a geopolitical tool of Russia, which have stridently opposed the consolidation and recognition of the independent OCU. Russia returns Orthodox icon to Bosnia-Herzegovina amid Ukrainian objections Russia says it will return an Orthodox icon which was presented to the Russian foreign minister in Bosnia-Herzegovina, following vocal protests from Ukraine, where the icon is thought to have been written.  On 11 December 2019 the Supreme Court of Ukraine allowed the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (UOC-MP) to retain its name.. Its nominal primate was the émigré Mstyslav (Skrypnyk), primate of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church. The Kyiv Patriarchate considers itself an independent church, a successor of the Metropolis of Kyiv and all Rus which existed under the Ecumenical Patriarchate until 1686 (when it was incorporated into the Moscow Patriarchate of the Russian Orthodox Church). In this direction, Russia uses all available technologies to counteract the process of the formation of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine, manipulating the feelings of Ukrainian believers and trying in every possible way to preserve its influence on them," the message says.  The full title and the interchurch-relations version's mention of "archbishop" and "metropolitan" and the abridged form's mention of "patriarch" have caused confusion. Ukraine moves towards separate church, as conflict with Russia leads to major schism The split is one of the most important in Orthodox Christianity in centuries.  Many Orthodox Ukrainians do not clearly identify with a particular Orthodox jurisdiction and, sometimes, are even unaware of the affiliation of the parish they attend as well as of the controversy itself, which indicates the difficulty of using survey numbers as an indicator of a relative strength of the church.  The abridged form is "His Holiness (name), Patriarch of Kyiv and All Rus’-Ukraine", and the form for interchurch relations is "Archbishop, Metropolitan of Kyiv and All Rus'-Ukraine". The recently formed Orthodox Church of Ukraine has been granted independence, marking a historic split from the Russian Church. The Ukrainian Orthodox Church officially gained independence on Saturday, with the signing of a decree that marked its separation from the Russian church that it has been tied to for centuries. MINSK, Belarus (AP) — The Russian Orthodox Church on Friday called on the United Nations, the leaders of Germany and France, the pope and other spiritual leaders to protect believers in Ukraine in the face of pressure on Moscow-affiliated clerics. Metropolitan Epiphanius was elected head of the new church in December, a move condemned by Moscow but viewed by many believers in Ukraine as a safeguard against Russian aggression, which began in earnest with Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014. The UOC-KP had 34 dioceses worldwide, and over 5,100 parishes in Ukraine. An independent Orthodox Church of Ukraine was formally recognized in a four-hour ceremony in Istanbul, formalizing a split with the Russian church to which it had been tied since 1686. When Ukraine was seeking the Tomos (a decree on autocephaly from the Ecumenical Patriarchate) for its Orthodox Church, Russian propaganda went above and beyond to prevent this from happening.  In January 2019 the head of the Information and Educational Department of the UOC-MP, Archbishop Clement, stated that "from the point of view of the church canon and the church system, Crimea is Ukrainian territory.". But these are only the visible signs of a future split. An independent Orthodox Church of Ukraine was formally recognized in a four-hour ceremony in Istanbul, formalizing a split with the Russian church to which it had been tied since 1686. The Russian Orthodox Church’s relations with the Roman Catholic Church are based on the Main Principles Guiding the Attitude of the Russian Orthodox Church toward the Non-Orthodoxy, which declare as the most important goal the “restoration of the God-ordained unity of Christians (John 17, 21), which is part of the design of God and belongs to the very essence of Christianity.  In November–December 2018, Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) carries out raids across the country targeting the UOC (MP) churches and priests. But the Ukrainian jurisdiction of the Russian Orthodox Church – the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (UOC MP) is calling upon its faithful to Ukraine to come to pray near churches, in defiance not only with its “boss” but also Ukraine’s Ministry of Health. Another cleric of the Zaporozhye Diocese of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church was attacked with a knife on Saturday night following the All-Night Vigil, reports the Information Department of the UOC. The ROC defines the UOC-MP as a "self-governing Church with rights of wide autonomy". ", "Zoria explains why Filaret's title includes references to UOC Lavras", "Split is looming in the newly formed Orthodox Church of Ukraine", "УПЦ КП "фактично й юридично припинила свою діяльність", — заява Міністерства культури", "Patriarch Filaret talks of split, schools Metropolitan Epifaniy", "Filaret's "Kiev Patriarchate" still exists—Ukrainian Ministry of Justice", "В Минюсте сообщили, что решение о роспуске УПЦ КП может принять только Поместный собор Киевского патриархата или суд", "Filaret's 'Council' restores UOC-KP with all its structure, property and criticizes Tomos", "Ministry of Culture confirms liquidation of Kyiv Patriarchate", "Міністерство культури України :: Заява Міністерства культури України щодо особливостей державної реєстрації низки православних релігійних організацій після проведення Помісного Об'єднавчого Собору 15 грудня 2018 року", "УПЦ КП подала судовий позов щодо незаконності утворення ліквідаційної комісії Київської патріархії", "District Administrative Court suspends liquidation of UOC-KP", "Ukrainian court freezes "Kiev Patriarchate" liquidation", "Окружний суд заборонив ПЦУ розпоряджатись майном ліквідованого Київського патріархату", "Суд в Киеве разрешил продолжить ликвидацию УПЦ-КП", "Court of Appeal allows liquidation of UOC-KP", "Митрополит Епіфаній оголосив про юридичне припинення існування УПЦ КП та УАПЦ", "Filaret's supporters plan to hold a forum in Brussels in defense of UOC-KP", "Filaret recalls signature under UOC-KP liquidation", "Філарет відкликав свій підпис під постановою про ліквідацію УПЦ КП", "Ukraine seeks church independence to bolster stand against Russia", "Ukrainian Lawmakers Back President's Move To Obtain Autocephalous Status For Orthodox Church", "Public Opinion Survey: Residents of Ukraine May 28–June 14, 2016", "Public Opinion Survey of Residents of Ukraine June 9 – July 7, 2017", "Public Opinion Survey: Residents of Ukraine May 26 – June 10, 2018", "Metropolitan Hilarion: Awarding new titles to Filaret is farce", "Культурно-просветительский центр "Cherkas". 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